The fiddle was brought to colonial America by British settlers. Irish and Scottish fiddle tunes and styles dominated the repertoires of early American fiddlers. Variants of these tunes flourished regionally and locally through the nineteenth century, sometimes giving birth to new creations that can be considered American fiddle tunes. During the mid-nineteenth century, the banjo, which has roots in Africa, came to provide accompaniment to many fiddle tunes, resulting in even more distinctly American musical styles.
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